An off-the-shelf home-video camera was the equivalent of $8000 USD (if you could find one) and the circuitry required to transform the high bandwidth signal into one that could be transmitted on AM would have been prohibitively complex.
Believe it or not the only solution was to build your own narrow band video camera! These creations followed on from narrow band television work done in the 1930's and took advantage of advances in materials and solid state technology.
The camera used by VK3AML (Chris Long) in the video below was a Flying Spot Scanner camera which required a completely darkened room and used a spot of light that scanned the scene. The reflected light was picked up by a photomultiplier tube and recorded as a frequency modulated audio tone on tape or broadcast via radio.
We're fortunate to have some of the original video preserved from 1974 since the audio and video signals had been recorded onto open-reel tape.
|Robot 70 (monitor) & 80 (camera) SSTV system introduced in 1970|